Tim Morrison on Air Pockets and Guess the Embouchure Type

I don’t remember exactly how I happened across this, but I while ago I found interesting discussion of air pockets by trumpet player Tim Morrison.  According to this link, Tim Morrison plays intentionally with some air pockets under his lips.

The primary pocketing spot is the upper lip and cheek area above the corners. It’s important to keep corners and cheeks firm, but to allow the air pockets to form. I’ve found this dramatically reduces counter-productive embouchure stress, yet keeps strength where you need it, which is in the corners and through the middle of the cheeks. One more thing. There is always air present under the upper lip/cheek area and even more noticeably when playing in the lower register. This is paramount in getting the “trombone effect” in lower register playing. As you ascend, the facial muscles come more into play and the air pockets become less noticeable, but are still present.

Take a look at this video of Tim Morrison and look at his upper lip.  The resolution is a little low, unfortunately, but I think I can see his air pockets.  Also, I have to say how much I loved watching the composer, Joe Hisaishi, conduct this piece.  It’s unusual for an orchestral conductor to not use a baton, but he is a very expressive conductor.

While I’m at it, I’ll play “Guess the Embouchure Type.”  Take a look and I’ll have my guess after the break.

My best guess for Morrison’s embouchure type is the “medium high placement” type.  His placement seems to be just a bit more upper lip inside the mouthpiece and he also appears to have the correct embouchure motion for that type.  His horn angle is close to straight out, though, which isn’t typical for this embouchure type.  Still, I have seen some very fine players belonging to this embouchure type with the same straight out horn angle, so it isn’t necessarily wrong for these players.

Donald Reinhardt wrote a little about the air pockets.

Sometimes a little puff will form under the upper lip while playing at great volume in the upper register.  This, however, is of little consequence as long as it does not interfere with the mouthcorners.  Never permit a puff to form under the lower lip regardless of the performer’s physical type; this fault makes a trumpet sound like a cornet, a cornet like a flugelhorn, a trombone like a baritone, etc.

– Donald Reinhardt, Encyclopedia of the Pivot System p. 220

Both Morrison and Reinhardt agree to keep the air pockets away from the mouth corners.  Reinhardt did have some specific exercises he used that intentionally required cheek puffing, but did not encourage his students to perform this way.  He used cheek puffing as either a diagnostic tool or correctional procedure at times.

In general, I feel it’s best to reduce any air pockets when possible, but it does seem to be helpful for some players and may be necessary at certain stages of development.  It’s probably best to keep any air pockets away from the mouth corners, unless you’re being guided by a teacher who understands how to keep it from hindering your playing.

Harry Stamper

– Can’t see any air pockets! Suggest you leave screen minimised for better definition and pause the video at 1.16 mins and 6.12 mins. Seems like a very good and flat top lip. Also, air pockets can cause movement of trumpet during attacks and this is not apparent. Any further thoughts?


I studied with Tim for 2 years at conservatory. Yes, he does have air pockets and it takes a lot of observation and practice to be able to play like that but it does work. I know. I also play with air pockets. Tim is an awesome player and he spent hours with me teaching me how he does this. I saw him play up close in a practice room so his technique is very unique and wonderful. there’s no movement of the instrument on the lips. it’s very controlled.

urban Deutschmannn

for top trumpetplaying the best and easy way is to play : air before ton.that is best done
with air pocket ( top lip) have a look on M. Andre and the great Horst Fischer.
Air pocket and The mouthpiece comes ;; in,, have a look! they eat The mouthpiece!
best urban do it and play….

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